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Indian Sargam Vs Western Notes

Following chart may come handy while translating western notes of any tune or song into Indian Sargam, and vice-versa.


The letters in all the above rows (column wise) generally follow a sequence.  For example, if we start the scale at F, then the sequence would be FGABCDE, or when at B, it would be BCDEFGA, and so on.

Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni and Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti remain constant.

Every musical instrument can be tuned to a certain scale.  With the above example, we would be playing Sa at C scale.

Following table can be used as a key to play Sargam on Western Instruments and vice versa:

western and indian notations western and indian notations

Following video tutorial will help you understand this concept with more clarity:

13 Responses

    1. Dha ‘ Re Ga Ma Re…….
      Dha ‘ Re Ga Ma Re…….
      Dha ‘ Re Ga Ma.. Ga Re Ma.. Ga Re Dha..Dha…….
      Dha Pa Dha Ni(k).. Ni(k)….
      Ni(k) Dha Pa Ni(k) Dha Dha…..
      Dha Pa Ma Ga Dha Ga Ma Re….

  1. Guys this is diatonic scale consisting of 2 whole steps followed by 1/2 step then 3 full steps & finally 1/2 step (C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C) notice C to D whole, D to E whole, E to F half step, Fto G whole, G to A whole, A to B whole & B to C half step.
    Apply this to any key & you will get ur query answered.

  2. I bought some notes from abroad and it was written do re mi fa so la ti do on it i was not able to understand it …now i am …… thanx verry much! i got a lot of help….

  3. Hello sir, your page is very very useful. Thank you for the above chart. In the same way could you please provide me with the sa ri ga ma pa da ni sa of all the minor keys Cm, C#m, Dm, D#m, Em, Fm, F#m, Gm, G#m, Am, A#m, Bm and more if any? I searched in the net for more than 2 hours but no avail. Pls help me. Thank you much.
    Love David

      1. Hello
        For minor keys I have a doubt too for the conversation.Have been trying to
        Figure out from the chart but couldn’t can you please elaborate?
        Thank you

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How to read SARGAM notations

  • CAPITAL LETTERS = Shuddh Swars (Pure Notes)
  • small letters = Komal Swars (Flat Notes)
  • A Note with # [hash] = Tivra Swar 
  • Letter/Alphabet ONLY = Medium Pitch/Normal blow on flute
  • Letter/Alphabet PRECEDED BY a ” . ” [full stop] or  a ” , ” [comma] = Low Pitch/Softer blow on flute
  • Letter/Alphabet FOLLOWED BY a ‘ [single quote] = High Pitch/harder blow on flute
  • Notes in { } = “murki” or “khatka” which have to be played very fast without any pause
  • A Note in ( ) = “kann swar” has to be just touched before moving on to the next note
  • A “~” between two Notes = “Meend”. That is, you have to glide from one note to another slowly to produce that wavy effect.
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