Indian Sargam Vs Western Notes

Following chart may come handy while translating western notes of any tune or song into Indian Sargam, and vice-versa.

Scale C D E F G A B
Indian Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni
Western Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti

The letters in all the above rows (column wise) generally follow a sequence.  For example, if we start the scale at F, then the sequence would be FGABCDE, or when at B, it would be BCDEFGA, and so on.

Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni and Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti remain constant.

Every musical instrument can be tuned to a certain scale.  With the above example, we would be playing Sa at C scale.

Following table [suggested by Vikram Jamwal] can be used as a key to play Sargam on Western Instruments and vice versa:

Scale ↓ Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni
A A B C# D E F# G#
A# A# C D D# F G A
B B C# D# E F# G# A#
C C D E F G A B
C# C# D# F F# G# A# C
D D E F# G A B C#
D# D# F G G# A# C D
E E F# G# A B C# D#
F F G A A# C D E
F# F# G# A# B C# D# F
G G A B C D E F#
G# G# A# C C# D# F G

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  1. Hello sir, your page is very very useful. Thank you for the above chart. In the same way could you please provide me with the sa ri ga ma pa da ni sa of all the minor keys Cm, C#m, Dm, D#m, Em, Fm, F#m, Gm, G#m, Am, A#m, Bm and more if any? I searched in the net for more than 2 hours but no avail. Pls help me. Thank you much.
    Love David

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